December 1971 was a turning point in the
history of the Emirates. On this date
a declaration was issued renewing enforcement
of the provisional constitution of the
UAE and the United Arab Emirates was declared
a sovereign Federal State comprising Aim
Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain,
Fujairah and later Ras Al Khaimah. The
UAE is governed by five constitutional
and legislative bodies which include the
Supreme Council of the Federation, the
President and the. Vice-President, the
Council of Ministers, the Federal .
National Council (FNC) and the Federal
Supreme Council of the Federation is
the highest political authority in the
country. It consists of all the Rulers
of the Emirates comprising the Federation
and represents collective leadership.
The President and the Vice-President
of the State are elected by the Supreme
Council from its members.
The, jurisdiction of the Supreme Council
of the Federation is confined to major
political, legislative and administrative
issues of the state.
President appoints the Prime Minister
with the consent of the Supreme Council.
Deputy Premiers and Federal Ministers
are appointed as per decree by the President
upon a recommendation of the Prime Minister.
The Cabinet is the executive body running
domestic and foreign affairs concerning
the state as per the Federal Constitution,
laws and under the supervision of the
President and the Supreme Council of
Federal National Council (FNC) is set
up with 40 members representing the
Emirates forming the Federation. The
FNC is the legislative assembly (Parliament)
which is as4gned the authority of discussing
and approving all federal draft laws
and then referring them to the Supreme
Council for enactment, The FNC also
exercises the power of raising issues
concerning. performance of the government,
discussing matters of interest to the
public and monitoring the conduct of
the federal government.
judicial authority is assumed by the
Federal Court which consists of the
Federal High Court, the Appeal Court
and the Federal Courts of First Instance.
As per the constitution, the judicial
authority of each Emirate may handle
the judicial matters not assigned to
the Federal Court. However, it is possible
as per a federal decree issued upon
the request of the respective Emirate,
to transfer whole or part of the judicial
authorities exercised by the respective
Emirate's judiciary to the Federal Court
of First Instance.
the Arab and international levels, the
UAE is a member of the Arab Gulf Co-operation
Council (AGCC) which comprises in addition
to the IJAE, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
the State of Bahrain, The Sultanate
of Oman, the State of Qatar and the
State of Kuwait. The AGCC was formed
in 1981. The United Arab Emirates is
also a member of the Arab League, the
United Nations and other international
organizations and agencies.